[21], At the JS HQ, it forms with the office of the Engineer-in-Chief, Navy Hydrographer, Surgeon-General of each inter-service, director of JS HQ, and Director-Generals (DGs) of Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), Inter-Services Selection Board (ISSB), Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), and the Strategic Plans Division Force (SPD Force). As Pakistan became independent, the British military ranks and insignia were initially commissioned by the armed forces as part of a legacy of British colonialism. [139] Relations improved considerably under the Bangladesh military governments of President Major Ziaur Rahman and General Hossain Mohammad Ershad, as Bangladesh had grown distant from its former war ally, India. [174] According to Air Force statistics, the air force conducted approximately 693 relief operations in Pakistan and abroad during the fiscal period 19982008. [91][92], The Pakistan Navy was formed in 1947 by the Indian Muslim officers serving in the Royal Indian Navy. In 2017, the Pakistan Armed Forces had approximately 654,000 active personnel, excluding 25,00035,000+ personnel in the Strategic Plans Division Forces and 482,000 active personnel in the various paramilitary forces. A large number of Pakistan Armed Forces personnel are deployed overseas as part of the United Nations' peacekeeping missions. LAHORE - According to Global Firepower's 2021 military strength ranking, the Pakistan military has improved 5 places and is . China has been a steady source of military equipment and has cooperated with Pakistan in setting-up weapons production and modernisation facilities. Pakistan vs India military power comparison 2023 | Pakistan vs India military power | world Nation military Hi friends, in this video I have compared military power between. Here is the equation if we follow the parameters we've just set. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on March 02, 2023 (Thursday). The Global Firepower has issued the ranking, utilising over 50 individual factors to determine a given nation's PowerIndex ('PwrIndx') score with categories ranging from military might and financials to logistical capability and geography. "For 2022, Pakistan is ranked 9 of 140 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review. Last year, Pakistan Army had been ranked 10th most powerful army in the world after it jumped five places since 2019. However, the closer a country is to this number, the more powerful its military. Copyright 2023. [119], The paramilitary forces are under various ministerial departments, and appointments are directly made from the armed forces. Pakistan Air Force's Special Service Wing (SSW) in its current camouflage. In addition to its military deployments, the armed forces also assist the government in responding to natural disasters such as the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the nationwide floods of 2010. [32][non-primary source needed], Between 1947 and 1971, Pakistan fought three direct conventional wars against India, with the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 witnessing the secession of East Pakistan as the independent state of Bangladesh. In addition, Pakistan has maintained strong military-to-military ties with Turkey, and would like to use these, as well as its Iranian connections, as a bridge to the new Muslim states of Central Asia. [14][46] Recommendations of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission helped establish the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to co-ordinate all military work and oversee joint missions and their execution during operations. [53] As of March2021,[update] Air Chief Marshal Zaheer Ahmad Babar is the CAS. Each branch has its own training institutions, programs and military. After the success of the Mushshak, the Super Mushshak and the state-of-art Karakoram-8 advanced training jet were produced. [118] Major intelligence activities are gathered from the Sir Creek region by the Marines, where an entire battalion is deployed to conduct reconnaissance.[108][118]. All military industrial materials and weapons systems were either inherited or purchased from the United Kingdom.[198]. [103] Since 2001, media reports have been surfaced that the Navy has been seeking to enhance its strategic strike capability by developing naval variants of the nuclear cruise missile. The GFP country comparison form is provided to allow you to make direct, side-by-side comparisons of any two world powers represented in the GFP database. The militarisation of the Karachi Shipyard Engineering Works (KSEW) took place the same year. [65], In many important events in Pakistan's history, the air force has played a pivotal, influential, and crucial role in the nation's defence and national security, and promoted a sense of security in civil society. This country is a Top 10 world power according to the GFP index formula. Beyond that their own position starts getting undermined because the military is after all a mirror image of the civil society from which it is drawn. [64] The PAF is the seventh-largest air force and the largest in the Islamic world, with about 943 combat fighter jets and over 200 trainer, transport, communication, helicopter, and force-multiplier aircraft. India's land-based nuclear arsenal starts off with the short-range, road-mobile Prithvi-II and Agni-I missiles that can travel 155 miles and 435 miles, respectively. LAHORE Pakistan's military has been ranked as the 9th most powerful Army in the world, according to the 2022 World Military Strength Ranking. [99] The Navy's fleet of P-3C Orion turboprop aircraft, equipped with electronic intelligence (ELINT) systems, play a pivotal role in the Navy's gathering of intelligence. Recalling The Attack On Sri-Lanka Team 2009 Leaves Long-Term Effects for Powerful Military. The Pakistani military has maintained combat divisions and brigade-strength presences in some Arab states during the ArabIsraeli Wars, aided American-led coalition forces in the first Gulf War against Iraq, and actively taken part in the Somali and Bosnian conflicts. The SSW is designed to execute difficult aerial and land operations, serving as equivalent to the US Air Force's Special Tactics Squadron units. [15] Both nations also cooperate on the development of their nuclear and space technology programs. 9. [citation needed] According to author Tariq Ali, the navy lost one-half of its force in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. [48], After the partitioning of British India in 1947, the Pakistan Army was formed by Indian Muslim officers serving in the British Indian Army. The two countries have held several joint military exercises to enhance co-operation between their armed forces. [78] Realizing the importance of fifth generation fighter aircraft, the PAF successfully negotiated for the procurement of approximately 36 Chinese FC-20 fighter jets a deal worth around US$1.4billion, signed in 2009. [14] The President of Pakistan is the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Armed Forces and the chain of command is organized under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) alongside the respective Chiefs of staffs of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. Faced with defence and security issues involving much larger opponents on both its eastern and western borders, the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Finance require a disproportionate share of the nation's resources to maintain even a minimally effective defensive stance. [132] In each service's UCP, the name of the service branch, rank, and gallantry badges are worn on the chest; insignia are worn on the shoulders with the compulsory flag-of-Pakistan patch.[131]. The 51-year . [120] Appointments for military offices and for command of the Pakistan Rangers, Coast Guards, National Guards, and Frontier Corps are made by the army while the Navy appoints the command of the Pakistan Maritime Security Agency as part of the external billets commission. [54][55] Army General Nadeem Raza is the current Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country in the world . [185], Under a public policy guidance, strategic weapons and projects are researched and developed entirely by civilian scientists and engineers, who also develop a wide range of delivery systems. Pakistan lags considerably below India's military might on every metric . Almost all military weapons and equipment were provided by the United States, as part of Pakistan's membership in South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) and Central Treaty Organization (CENTO). Pakistan President Zia-ul-Haq's military administration policy reflected extremist views towards the Shiites and caused religious tensions to rise between Sunni and Shiites in Pakistan, much to the discomfort of Iran. An army, Its Role and Rule: A History of the Pakistan Army from Independence to Kargil, 19471999. [133] Within a few months of its founding in 1947, the military had inherited all professional qualifications of the British military in India. [198], After the success of its major projects in the defence industry, the Defence Export Promotion Organization (DEPO) was created to promote Pakistani defence equipment to the world by hosting the International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), which is held biennially at the Karachi expo center. [citation needed], Traditionally, the bulk of intelligence work and efforts in Pakistan has been carried out by the ISI, the Intelligence Bureau (IB), and the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) as well as the others in the Pakistani intelligence community. [28] Upon Partition, military formations with a Muslim-majority (such as the Indian Army's infantry Muslim regiments) were transferred to the new Dominion of Pakistan,[28] while on an individual basis, Indian Muslims could choose to transfer their allegiance and service to the Pakistan Armed Forces (consisting of the Pakistan Army, Royal Pakistan Navy and Royal Pakistan Air Force) or remain serving in the Indian Armed Forces of the Dominion of India. [105] Future developments of Babur missiles include capability of being launched from submarines, surface ships, and a range extension to 1,000 kilometres (620mi). [81] In close co-ordination with Turkish Aerospace Industries, the PAC engaged in a mid-life update (MLU) program of its F-16A/Bs, approximately 26 of which are in service. [192] The Islamabad-based Strategic Force Organization (SFO) has a three-tier system which forms by combining the Nuclear Command Authority, Strategic Plans Division Force (SPD Force), and each of three Inter-Services strategic force commands. [46] Due to its wide range of intelligence operations and influence, the ISI has been criticised both internally and externally. It holds a PwrIndx* score of 0.1572 (a score of 0.0000 is considered 'perfect') GFP said in a statement. [99] This ultimately led the introduction of F-22P Zulfiquar-class frigates, which were designed and developed at the Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works (KSEW); at this same time, the Agosta-90B submarines were also built. redistributed or derived from. In 1998, Iran and Afghanistan were on the verge of war over the assassination of Iranian diplomats. [197] Since 1971, the military budget of the armed forces grew by 200% in support of armed forces contingency operations. As of 2021,[update] China was the largest foreign supplier of military equipment to Pakistan in major arms. The Pakistani military largely retained British military traditions and doctrine until 1956, when the United States dispatched a specialized Military Assistance Advisory Group to Pakistan to build its military; from this point onward, American military tradition and doctrine became more dominant within Pakistan's armed forces. [99] During the same time, the Navy engaged in a process of self-reliance and negotiated with China for assistance. A Pakistan Air Force service uniform, 1974, A traditional white navy service dress, 2008. [198] After U.S. military assistance was cut off in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (followed by the disastrous 1971 War[relevant? A Pakistan Navy Breguet Atlantic Asuspine-1 taxied. [14], ChinaBrazilGermanyEgyptFranceItalyJordanRomaniaRussiaSwedenTurkeyUkraineUnited KingdomUnited States, Since the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Agreement, the Pakistani military has had close relations with China, working jointly to develop the JF-17, the K-8, and various weapons systems. [175], During the wave of floods from 2010 to 2014, the Navy launched relief operations nationwide and provided healthcare, medicines, relief efforts, and coordinated the distribution of food in the flood-effected areas. [131], In the military, the service dress, however, remains yellowish khaki for the Army; plain white service dress for the Navy (excluding the Marines). On military policy issues, Pakistan issues directives towards "first use"[186] and maintains that its program is based on nuclear deterrence, to peacefully discourage attack by India and other countries with large conventional-force advantages over Pakistan. [197] During the administrations of Prime Ministers Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif, approximately 5060% of scientific research and funding went to military efforts. [149][150][151][152] After the United States troops withdraws Afghanistan in 2021, US clearly distanced itself from Pakistan. [178], The Youm-e-Difa (English: Defence Day) Pakistan's day in remembrance of fallen soldiers of the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965 is observed on 6 September. [21] Since then, they have played a decisive role in the modern history of Pakistan, most notably due to fighting major wars with India in 19471948, 1965 and 1971. As of May 2019, 5,083 personnel were serving abroad, making Pakistan the sixth-largest contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping missions. [196], All three sets of service laws are administered by the individual major service branches under the central reporting supervision of the Ministry of Defence (MoD). [74], Joint production with the Chinese Air Force of a light-weight multi-role combat aircraft and further avionics development of the JF-17 is ongoing at the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC). Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. According to Global Firepowers ranking, the US army is most powerful in the world, followed by Russia and China. The gradual increase in the rankings of the Pakistan Army indicates the improvement in its professional and military might. 900 SPD soldiers pass graduation from Abbotabad centers, 20 April 2012, CNBC Pakistan. The JCO grades in the Pakistani military are a continuation of the former Viceroy of India's commissioned pay grades during the British colonial period. Over the years, diplomatic delegations have been exchanged, and Pakistan has agreed to sell military equipment to Iran. [182], The Pakistan Armed Forces parades take place on 23 March, which is celebrated as Youm-e-Pakistan (Pakistan Day). The Global Firepower Index, 2022, puts the US at the top, Russia at the second spot, China at No. [153], Since the 2000s, military relations have improved between the Russian armed forces and the Pakistan armed forces. [202], Inter-Services Emblem of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Uniforms and Camouflage codes of the Pakistan Armed Forces, 1947present, Defence contractors and explosive engineering. [115] Almost an entire combat contingent of Marines were deployed in Sindh and Southern Punjab to lead the flood-relief operations in 2014. [193] While intelligence operatives are recruited from each service, including civilians, the ISI has become very powerful and influential. Iranian leader Mohammad Reza Shah provided free fuel to PAF fighter jets in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, allowing Pakistani planes to land at Iranian Air Force bases, refuel, and take off. Routledge, 2003. [104] The Babur cruise missile has a range of 700 kilometres (430mi) and is capable of using both conventional and nuclear warheads. The Primary selection is displayed in Blue while the Secondary selection is displayed in Red. It is the world's sixth-largest military measured by active military personnel and consist of three formally uniformed servicesthe Army, Navy, and the Air Force, which are backed by several paramilitary forces such as the National Guard and the Civil Armed Forces. The PAF's fighter pilots with the greenish g-suit in comparison to USAF; the same pattern is used by the Pakistan Navy. Both Pakistan and India claim 1965 as a win. Initiatives taken towards consolidating strategic infrastructure led to the establishment, in 2000, of the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA), which oversees the policy, military control, development, and deployment of the country's tactical and strategic nuclear arsenals. The Pakistani military has 2,680 tanks and a budget of $12.3 billion per year. Nikki Haley bashes Pakistan; reiterates U.S. won't be world's 'ATM' if she voted to power According to Nikki Haley, the Biden administration resumed military aid to Pakistan, though it's . Standard yellowish khaki (on right) as both ACU and the ASU, 1994. [58] In spite of the Pressler amendment enforced in the 1990s, the army has been focused on development of land-based weapon systems and production of military hardware. [98] The navy's surface fleet consists of helicopter carriers, destroyers, frigates, amphibious assault ships, patrol ships, mine-countermeasures, and miscellaneous vessels. After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, recommendations for establishing an elite commando division within the army were accepted. As such, Pakistan procures the bulk of its military equipment from China, the United States and its own domestic suppliers. [citation needed] The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) uniform was primarily based on the Royal Air Force uniform, with bluish-grey as its reporting colour markings. [62], Pakistan is the only predominantly Muslim country in which women serve as high-ranking officers and in combat roles, and a sizeable unit of female army and air force personnel has been actively involved in military operations against Taliban forces. [46] The JCSC deals with joint military planning, joint training, integrated joint logistics, and provides strategic directions for the armed forces; it periodically reviews the role, size, and condition of the three main service branches; and it advises the civilian government on strategic communications, industrial mobilisations plans, and formulating defence plans. [56] The army has a wide range of corporate (e.g. It is ranked at 9th spot out of 140 countries in the annual Global Firepower Index. [citation needed], In 2003, the service uniforms for each major service branch were revised and orders were made to issue new uniforms roughly based on the American military. Pakistan Air Force, Navy, and Army personnel played crucial roles in building the UAE military. [88] Other major developments continue to be under development by the local aerospace industries;[89] some of its electronic systems were exhibited in IDEAS 2014 held in Karachi.[90][relevant?] The finalized Global Firepower ranking below utilizes over 60 individual factors to determine a given nation's PowerIndex ('PwrIndx') score with categories ranging from quantity of military units and financial standing to logistical capabilities and geography. [31] [citation needed] Tentative estimates of the division's size are put at four battalions but the actual strength is kept highly classified. Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. Pakistan (Urdu: [pakstan]), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan ( ), is a country in South Asia.It is the world's fifth-most populous country, with a population of almost 243 million people, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population just behind Indonesia. Pakistan is the only country in top 15 which has improved its ranking on Global Firepower index. [citation needed], The Directorate of Military Intelligence (MI) provides intelligence to the Army, while the other main branches are served by Naval Intelligence and Air Intelligence. This page was last edited on 20 February 2023, at 02:31. Pakistani military personnel have been posted as military advisers and instructors to the militaries of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Libya, Kuwait, and the UAE. KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. [189] Statements and physical actions by Pakistan have cited the survivability through a second strike, forming a naval-based command and control system to serve as "the custodian of the nation's second-strike capability. [136] Promotion to the JCO, however, remains a lucrative and powerful incentive for the enlisted military personnel; thus, if JCO ranks are ever phased out, it will probably be a slow process.[136]. [144] In May 2008, Lt-Gen Fonseka of the Sri Lanka Army held talks with his Pakistan Army counterparts regarding the sale of military equipment, weapons, and ammunition. [29] In a formula arranged by the British, military resources were to be divided between India and Pakistan in a ratio of 64% going to India and 36% going to Pakistan. [197], At the time of the creation of Pakistan, the country had virtually no military industry or production capability. Many Arab military officials have been educated at Pakistan's military staff colleges and universities. Last year, Pakistan Army had been ranked 10th most powerful army in the world after it jumped up . [162] The unit was active earlier and had seen action during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, 1965, and 1971.[timeframe?] Unless otherwise stated, all content is The military relationship continued even after the Iranian revolution, as Pakistan was among the first countries to recognise the new Iranian government. [138] Since 2004, Pakistan's military forces have been engaged in military efforts against al-Qaeda extremists. [33] Rising tensions with Afghanistan in the 1960s (primarily over the Durand Line dispute) and an indirect proxy war fought against the Soviet Union throughout the 1970s and 1980s in the SovietAfghan War with American, British and Israeli assistance led to a sharp rise in the development of the Pakistan Armed Forces. Said Zinni: "Don't assume that the Pakistanis' nuclear capability is inferior to the Indians". The Pakistani Army is one of the ten most powerful military in the world. About 69,000 affected IDPs were treated in Navy medical camps. Since 1947, Pakistan has been ruled by four different military rulers under three different military coups (1958-71, 1977-88 and 1999-2008). [48] In his capacity as chief military adviser, he assists the prime minister and the minister of defence in exercising their command functions. [158] Operatives' identities and actual static strength are kept secret and classified. Pakistan Navy's sailors wearing anti-flash gear while operating a Guided missile frigate, PNS Alamgir. [citation needed] The director-generals of each intelligence branch are usually two-star officers. "[190], In January 2000, the head of United States Central Command, General Anthony Zinni, told NBC that longtime assumptions that India had an edge in the South Asian strategic balance of power were questionable at best. Pakistan Navy (official website)- PN Dimensions; The Diplomat. 4. Pakistan Pakistan is one of the most powerful armies in the world. Here is the list of Top 10 Most Powerful Militaries in the World 2023, Any country's security is dependent on the strength of its army, navy, and air force, which is why a significant amount of money is budgeted for them.Countries all over the world are spending billions of dollars to beef up their militaries in order to deter external . [97] The Navy heavily depended on American-built naval technology and operated a large infrastructure from 1947 to 1971. The 1980s were a difficult time in military relations for both countries, as Iran was blamed for the rising ethnic tensions between Sunnis and Shiites in Pakistan. After the 2008 Mumbai attacks and the subsequent standoff with India, several combat divisions were redeployed to Eastern and Southern Pakistan. There are also a number of engineering, professional, and higher education military institutes: Pakistan's military justice system rests on the inter-services administrated Judge Advocate General Branch (JAG); all military criminal cases are overseen by the high-ranking officials of joint tribunals of the military. It receives substantial financial aid from the US and has the fifth largest tank fleet in the . The heightened PowerIndex score is 0.0000, which is an unrealistic goal for any country. The SPD's own force called SPD Force is responsible for security of nuclear weapons while the strategic forces commands of the air force, army, and navy exercise the deployments and eventual usage of the WMDs. [197] In cases where a member of the military is alleged to have committed a crime against a civilian, then the MoD and Ministry of Justice (MoJ) determine the prosecution of the case to be tried, whether military or civilian courts have jurisdiction. 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